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Toronto Life

It's about my another life in Toronto and studying English by using NETFLIX

Leave my latte alone! | お金を作る効果的な方法知ってますか?

”コーヒー代を削るな!”カナディアンならではの切り口で節約の仕方が記事になっています。

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Have you ever read one of those articles about how much money you could save every year by making your own coffee at home and skipping the stop at the coffee shop before work? Or by bringing your lunch to work rather than eating out?

 

Well, here's the thing – brown-bagging it and skipping coffee with colleagues isn't going to dramatically increase your wealth. I'm not saying these habits aren't good ones. I have a lot of respect for people who are budget-minded with things like this. But the reality is that there are more effective ways to build wealth.

どうやらコヒー代を削るよりももっと効果的なお金の貯め方があるようなのです。

※ここまでで調べた単語

verb (used with object), brown-bagged, brown-bagging. 1. to bring (one's own liquor) to a restaurant or club, especially one that has no liquor license. 2. to bring (one's lunch) to work or elsewhere, usually in a small brown paper bag.

 

Someone who is budget-minded is always thinking about their budget

1. Reducing investment fees|投資の手数料を見直す

Canadians pay some of the highest mutual fund fees in the world. And most investors don't know how much they're paying. Thankfully some new rules around disclosure and performance reporting are going to bring more visibility to this.

Most disclosure around mutual fund fees – specifically the Management Expense Ratio (MER) associated with your funds – is in percentage terms. And what makes percentages tricky is that it's difficult to immediately equate a reduction in percentage to an actual dollar figure. So if I said the MER on your mutual funds was 2.00%, that doesn't immediately translate into a dollar figure in most peoples' minds. And telling you that you can reduce that 2.00% to 1.00% also doesn't seem like much. It's only a percent, right? But that 1.00% savings, over a lifetime of saving for retirement, can add up to tens of thousands of dollars and can be the difference in your retiring a year or two earlier.

Reducing your fees is easy. There are lots of low-cost investments out there. But it starts by knowing what you're currently paying.

1〜2%の手数料を馬鹿にするといけない。退職後のお金となると大きな額なので、200万から1000万円の手数料代を払っていることになる可能性もある。

※ここまでで調べた単語

  1. the action of making new or secret information known.
    "a judge ordered the disclosure of the government documents"
    synonyms: revelationdeclarationannouncementnewsreportMore
     
     
    • a fact, especially a secret, that is made known.
      plural noun: disclosures
      "the government's disclosures about missile programs"

     

What is the management expense ratio?

The fund's management fee and operating expenses make up a fund's management expense ratio or MER. They are paid by the fund, and are expressed as an annual percentage of the total value of the fund. MERs can range from less than 1% to more than 3%. 

to regard, treat, or represent as equivalen 

the action or fact of making a specified thing smaller or less in amount, degree, or size.
"talks on arms reduction"
synonyms: cutbackcut, downsizing, scaling down, trimming, pruning, axing, 

"Tens of thousands" could mean anything from $20000 to $100000 

2. Negotiating a lower mortgage rate and accelerating your payments|住宅ローン率は低く交渉&早い返済

This is one of those "no-brainers" that can have a significant impact on your wealth. If you can negotiate a lower mortgage rate, not only would that result in lower annual carrying costs, but over the life of your mortgage, the interest savings can be enormous. You may also be able to accelerate your mortgage payments. Accelerating your payments is the single smartest thing you can do to pay off your mortgage early, literally cutting years off of your mortgage. Who doesn't want to be mortgage-free sooner?

当たり前のことのように聞こえるのは私だけかな..."住宅ローンは安く借りて、返済は早くしましょう"

※ここまでで調べた単語 

(of a vehicle or other physical object) begin to move more quickly.
"the car accelerated toward her"
  • increase in amount or extent.
    "inflation started to accelerate"
    synonyms: speed up, go faster
something that requires or involves little or no mental effort.
synonyms: easy decision, easy task

3. Taking advantage of employer RRSP matching programs|RRSPの有効活用

I'm often asked to help friends and colleagues with their personal investments and the thing that I tend to scratch my head about the most is that so many people leave so much money on the table. Not opting in to pensions or group RRSP programs is literally saying “no" to free money. Rule #1 – never say no to free money. Some employers have graduated scales of amounts you can contribute to a group RRSP. For example, 3%, 4% or 5%. What I see all the time is people weighing the options. My advice is to always take the highest amount. Always.

The hesitation for many people is that they're worried their paycheque will go down and they need the money for expenses. I get that, 100%. But my advice is to still go with the highest amount. The tax deduction and resulting tax refund alone are reasons enough. The biggest benefit to taking advantage of these types of programs is one that's actually hard to see immediately: The benefit of compounding. With investing, time in the market is what's important, so taking advantage of employer-sponsored matching programs is a must.

RRSPを使ってお金を貯めれば免税されたり還付金が戻ってきたりするので使わない手はない!

※ここまでで調べた単語

A Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) is a type of Canadian account for holding savings and investment assets. RRSPs have various tax advantages compared to investing outside of tax-preferred accounts. They were introduced in 1957 to promote savings for retirement by employees and self-employed people.

Tax deduction is a reduction of income that is able to be taxed, and is commonly a result of expenses, particularly those incurred to produce additional income. The difference between deductions, exemptions and credit is that deductions and exemptions both reduce taxable income, while credits reduce tax.

A tax refund is the difference between taxes paid and taxes owed. Each year (or each quarter, in some cases) a taxpayer submits a tax return that calculates his or her federal income taxes owed. The taxpayer then submits the tax return electronically or via mail and the IRS reviews the information. 

  1. make up (a composite whole); constitute.
    "a dialect compounded of Spanish and Dutch"
    •  
       
         
    •  
  2.  

 

These are just three ways to increase your wealth over time. There are others, of course, but these are probably the ones I come across the most. If you've managed to get ahead of all three of these, then by all means, enjoy your lunch and coffee guilt-free.

 以上3点を実践すれば効果的にお金を貯めることができます。ということは、ランチやコヒーを楽しめるってこと!と記事にはなっているけど、いかがでしょうか?

 

情報元: https://www.tangerine.ca/forwardthinking/investing/leave-my-latte-alone